Civil-War - Page 15

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Macon Mall Mural :

Macon Mall Mural

GlennGrossman

Updated: Aug 10, 2015 2:55pm PST

BULL RUN : The first battle of the Civil War aka The Battle between the States was re-enacted in Manassas Virginia at Bull Run Creek on 23rd of July 2011 with over 10,000 participants.
All photographs are the property of Michael J. Minardi and are copyrighted Minardi 2011.

BULL RUN

Minardi

The first battle of the Civil War aka The Battle between the States wa ...

Updated: Aug 02, 2015 3:28pm PST

Yuma 2015 :

Yuma 2015

Elizabeth Heath-Dawson

Updated: Jul 24, 2015 10:00am PST

Moorpark 2014 :

Moorpark 2014

Elizabeth Heath-Dawson

Updated: Jul 23, 2015 10:53am PST

Vista 2015 :

Vista 2015

Elizabeth Heath-Dawson

Updated: Jul 20, 2015 12:00pm PST

Glenn Grossman Home :

Glenn Grossman Home

GlennGrossman

Updated: Jul 12, 2015 12:59pm PST

Faces from the Battle of Sacramento 2010 : This is from my trip to the battle of sacramento and my stay at the Foxridge Bed and Breakfast

Faces from the Battle of Sacramento 2010

Tony Austin (rainfeather)

This is from my trip to the battle of sacramento and my stay at the Fo ...

Updated: May 05, 2015 1:48pm PST

Stone's River National Battlefield, TN (7-23-14) : The Battle of Stone's River (also known as the Battle of Murphreesboro) was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War and yet, it remains relatively unknown to all but serious Civil War buffs.  I have to admit, though I had heard about the battle, I knew little of its cause or how it was carried out or the magnitude of the casualties left in its wake.  Stone's River ranks as the 7th bloodiest battle of the Civil War...slightly less so than Shiloh but more so than Antietam.  However, if you consider the number of total casualties of 24,615 against the total number of men engaged (~76,000) you get a staggering casualty rate of <i>32%</i>, the highest of any battle during the Civil War!
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The stage was set for the battle at Stone's River many months prior.  Following his abortive campaign into Kentucky, Confederate General Braxton Bragg had fallen back south to middle Tennessee near the town of Murphreesboro.  There, in late November 1862, Bragg and his Army of the Tennessee dug in and awaited the next move from the Federals.  On the Union side, Major General Don Carlos Buell had done little to capitalize on his success in freeing Kentucky of a Confederate threat, letting the Rebel army slip away unmolested.  Lincoln could not stand for this and quickly replaced Buell with Major General William S. Rosecrans.  Rosecrans first move with his soon-to-be-named Army of the Cumberland was south to Nashville, Tennessee where he set about reorganizing and refitting it.  Rosecrans dallied to long however and by the middle of December Washington was making it very clear to him that they expected a move against the Confederates immediately...to wait further would mean his replacement.  Rosecrans got the hint.  On December 26, 1862 he set out with his army of 41,000 men to meet the waiting Confederates.  The three day march was miserable for the soldiers in blue.  Rain, sleet, and cold (which would be present  throughout the campaign), along with frequent raids by Confederate cavalry were ever-present.  By December 30 the two armies faced each other across the fields outside Murphreesboro.  Settling down for a cold night, the soldiers on each side had no illusions about what would occur come the first light of dawn...
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<i><b>Battle Statistics</b></i>
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<b>United States of America</b><br>
<b>Armies Engaged:</b>  Army of the Cumberland<br>
<b>Commanding Officer:</b>  Major General William Rosecrans<br>
<b>Strength:</b>  41,400<br>
<b>Casualties:</b>  12,906 <i>or 31.2%</i> (1,677 killed, 7,543 wounded, 3,686 captured/missing)
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<b>Confederate States</b><br>
<b>Armies Engaged:</b>  Army of Tennessee<br>
<b>Commanding Officer:</b>  General Braxton Bragg<br>
<b>Strength:</b>  35,000<br>
<b>Casualties:</b>  11,739 <i>or 33.5%</i> (1,294 killed, 7,945 wounded, 2,500 captured/missing)

Stone's River National Battlefield, T...

Dan Weemhoff (dwhike)

The Battle of Stone's River (also known as the Battle of Murphreesboro ...

Updated: Dec 26, 2014 8:18am PST

Shiloh National Military Park, TN (7-22-14) : The spring of 1862 found the war going very badly for the Confederacy in the west.  Kentucky had been lost to the Union Army, Fort Henry on the Tennessee River had fallen opening the interior south to federal gunboats, and most disastrously Fort Donelson had surrendered on February 12th along with one-third of the Confederate forces between the Mississippi and the Appalachians.  The interior south seemed wide open for invasion by the northern hordes.
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The general tasked with the defense of these southern states was General Albert Sidney Johnson, a former U.S. soldier considered by many to be one of its most promising future officers.  Johnson's allegiance was firmly with the south, however, and in his mind at this crucial juncture it was critical to maintain the only remaining communications and supply link between east and west, the Memphis &amp; Charleston Railroad.  His widely scattered forces also would need to be concentrated if he were to have any hope of threatening the Union army.  To accomplish these tasks he set up his base of operations in Corinth, Mississippi.  During March of that year scattered units of his army converged on Corinth as well as reinforcements from wherever they could be spared.  By the end of March, General Johnson had around 45,000 soldiers ready to stand against whatever next move the Union Army might make.
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Moving against Johnson was the supremely confident 48,000-man force under Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant.  After the capture of Fort Donelson Grant quickly pushed south and invested the Tennessee capitol of Nashville.  From there it was his intent to keep pushing south through the Mississippi Valley with the goal of splitting the Confederacy in two and, if possible, bringing Johnson's army to a decisive battle in the process.  Learning that Johnson was concentrating at Corinth Grant moved his army south along the Tennessee River to a ford known as Pittsburg Landing.  Setting up camp on the west bank of the river, Grant intended to gather the rest of his forces in the region before advancing further.  He was quite confident that in the interim Johnson's Confederates would stay safely behind their defenses at Corinth.
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General Johnson wasn't planning on playing by Grant's rules.  First off he could do the math.  By the end of March he had near parity in numbers with Grant, but he knew that wouldn't last as Grant had more reinforcements on the way.  Also, he regarded Grant's choice of camp sites, with the river at his back, as a serious blunder.  Therefore it was Johnson's intent not to wait for Grant but to make the first move and catch the Union Army unawares.  His plan was simple, catch the Union Army by surprise with overwhelming force driving against the enemy's left flank and cutting off his route of supply and escape across the river.  Thus cut off Grant would be virtually surrounded and forced to surrender.  Such was the plan...
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The Confederate Army began the 20-mile march north from Corinth on April 3rd.  The march quickly deteriorated into an almost comical mess.  Weather hampered the movement of men and artillery, green troops tired easily and slowed the march, and believe it or not <i>one whole division</i> got off track and went missing for the better part of a day!  The attack that should have commenced the morning of the 4th had now been pushed back to the morning of the 6th.  Johnson was sure his most crucial advantage, the element of surprise, had been lost.
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He should have been right.  Though General Grant and most of his subordinates confidently stated that the Confederates were still camped at Corinth, the 4th and 5th of April had brought numerous reports of minor skirmishes and cavalry raids to the south.  One battalion of Ohio cavalry on April 4, in hot pursuit of Confederate raiders, crested a hill and were astounded to see long lines of Confederate infantry backed by artillery and immediately came under heavy fire.  When this information was brought to General Sherman he dismissed what the cavalry had seen as a Confederate reconnaissance mission.  A good glimpse into the mindset of the Union high command can be seen in a missive sent from General Grant to his superior General Halleck on April 5th when he stated, <i>"I have scarcely the faintest idea of an attack (general one) being made upon us, but will be prepared should such a thing take place."</i>  Unfortunately, these preparations didn't include building any earthworks or strengthening picket lines.  As the light faded on April the 5th, 1862 Johnson's 45,000-man army, despite two days of delay, were about to collide with a Union Army which didn't think there was a Confederate soldier within 20-miles.  Over the next two days a titanic struggle the likes of which the nation had never seen before would bring into startling clarity that the war had entered a new and much bloodier stage...
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<i><b>Battle Statistics</b></i>
<br><br>
<b>United States of America</b><br>
<b>Armies Engaged:</b>  Army of the Tennessee, Army of the Ohio<br>
<b>Commanding Officer:</b>  Major General Ulysses S. Grant<br>
<b>Strength:</b>  66,812<br>
<b>Casualties:</b>  13,047 <i>or 19.5%</i> (1,754 killed, 8,408 wounded, 2,885 captured/missing)
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<b>Confederate States</b><br>
<b>Armies Engaged:</b>  Army of the Mississippi<br>
<b>Commanding Officer:</b>  General Albert Sidney Johnston (killed), General P.G.T. Beauregard<br>
<b>Strength:</b>  44,699<br>
<b>Casualties:</b>  10,699 <i>or 23.9%</i> (1,728 killed, 8,012 wounded, 959 captured/missing)

Shiloh National Military Park, TN (7-...

Dan Weemhoff (dwhike)

The spring of 1862 found the war going very badly for the Confederacy ...

Updated: Dec 26, 2014 8:16am PST

New Market Battlefield, VA (6-23-09) : The Battle of New Market was the result of General Ulysses S. Grant's desire, late in the Civil War, to gain control of the Confederacy's breadbasket...the Shenandoah Valley.  In spring 1864 Union Major General Franz Sigel's army of 10,000 began there trek south to subdue the valley.  Opposing them was a much smaller Confederate force of about 5,000 under the command of General John C. Breckenridge.  Among the rebel force was a regiment of cadets from the nearby Virginia Military Institute.  The battle took place on on a stormy day; May 15, 1864.  Reluctant to use the cadets as cannon fodder, General Breckenridge at first held them back.  It soon became clear however that, to break the Union lines, the cadets must be put in...
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The following series of photos sets you in the footsteps of the cadets as they marched into battle that day...
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<i><b>Battle Statistics</b></i>
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<b>United States of America</b><br>
<b>Commanding Officer:</b>  Major General Franz Sigel<br>
<b>Strength:</b>  6,275<br>
<b>Casualties:</b>  841 <i>or 13.4%</i> 
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<b>Confederate States</b><br>
<b>Commanding Officer:</b>  Major General John C. Breckenridge<br>
<b>Strength:</b>  4,087<br>
<b>Casualties:</b>  531 <i>or 13.0%</i>

New Market Battlefield, VA (6-23-09)

Dan Weemhoff (dwhike)

The Battle of New Market was the result of General Ulysses S. Grant's ...

Updated: Dec 26, 2014 8:13am PST