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Charleston, South Carolina waterfront...
Facing the south towards the valley of Dill Branch where the late day Confederate attack would come was this 2-gun battery under the command of Lieutenant Nispel of the 2nd Illinois.  Wanting to provide maximum protection for his gunners (who had suffered heavily in their fighting retreat that day) Nispel had a small defensive earthwork dug around his position, the only earthworks constructed along Grants Last Line that evening...
Charging across the shallow waters of Water Oaks Pond, the Confederates slammed head-long into the Union troops under Brigadier General Alexander McCook, temporarily driving them back.  After overcoming their initial panic, McCook's men reformed and gained reinforcements on their flanks.  The Confederates were now charging into a cauldron of fire erupting on them from all sides.  Observing the futility of continued carnage, around 2:30pm a staff officer asked Beauregard, "General, do you not think our troops as very much in the condition of a lump of sugar thoroughly soaked in water, but yet preserving its original shape, though ready to dissolve?  Would it not be judicious to get away with what we have?"  Not long later General Beauregard gave the order to retreat back towards Corinth...  The Battle of Shiloh was over...
The carnage wrought by the Battle of Shiloh was unlike anything witnessed up to this point in the war.  After the guns fell silent there were some 16,400 wounded men to care for strewn across the bloody fields.  Numerous impromptu field hospitals were erected nearby to deal with the enormous task.  One was situated here, near a farm owned by Noah Cantrell, which treated around 2,500 men...
The carnage wrought by the Battle of Shiloh was unlike anything witnessed up to this point in the war.  After the guns fell silent there were some 16,400 wounded men to care for strewn across the bloody fields.  Numerous impromptu field hospitals were erected nearby to deal with the enormous task.  One was situated here, near a farm owned by Noah Cantrell, which treated around 2,500 men...
Though the Union dead from the battle were interred in the nearby National Cemetery, the Confederate dead were buried on the field of battle where they fell in burial trenches such as these.  Records indicate that 11 or 12 mass graves like this were created to inter the 1,728 Confederate dead but only 5 have been located within the current park...
Though the Union dead from the battle were interred in the nearby National Cemetery, the Confederate dead were buried on the field of battle where they fell in burial trenches such as these.  Records indicate that 11 or 12 mass graves like this were created to inter the 1,728 Confederate dead but only 5 have been located within the current park...
After the battle, soldiers of both sides were quickly buried generally where they fell.  It was soon decided though that a more appropriate resting place should be established in their honor nearby.  Thus, in 1866, Shiloh National Cemetery was established and fallen Union soldiers were recovered from the battlefield and re-interred there often in regimental groupings...
Though the Union dead from the battle were interred in the nearby National Cemetery, the Confederate dead were buried on the field of battle where they fell in burial trenches such as these.  Records indicate that 11 or 12 mass graves like this were created to inter the 1,728 Confederate dead but only 5 have been located within the current park.  Of the five known burial trenches this one, located near Water Oaks Pond, is the largest and is thought to contain as many as 721 remains...
The cemetery as viewed from the main entrance.  The monument containing the vertical cannon tube marks the location of General Ulysses S. Grant's Headquarters at the time of the battle...
"The muffled drum's sad roll has beat the soldiers last tattoo..."
"...No more on life's parade shall meet that brave and fallen few..."
"...On fame's eternal camping-ground their silent tents are spread..."
"...Nor war's wild note, nor glory's peal Shall thrill with fierce delight..."
"...The charge, the dreadful cannonade, the din and shout, are past..."
Charleston, South Carolina waterfront...

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Charleston, South Carolina waterfront...
Charleston, South Carolina waterfront...

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Photo by: Dan Weemhoff (dwhike) · See photo in original gallery.

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