A herd of Southern African Bush Elephants (Loxodonta africana africana) at the watering hole.
The African bush elephant is the largest and heaviest land animal: males up to13.0 ft tall at the shoulder and 13,250 lbs; females up to 8.5 feet and 6,600 lbs.
The African bush elephant is herbivorous. Its diet varies according to its habitat; elephants living in forests, partial deserts, and grasslands all eat different proportions of herbs and tree or shrubbery leaves. Humans are the elephant’s only predator.
Adult males post age 15 usually live alone. Herds are made up of related females and their young, led by the eldest female, called the matriarch. The male African bush elephant experiences musth, a period of extreme aggression accompanied with high testosterone levels. A bull in musth has been known to attack anything which disturbs him including his family members, humans, and other passive animals such as giraffes and rhinoceros.
The most characteristic features of African elephants are their very large ears, their trunks and their tusks. The ears are used to radiate excess heat. The trunk, a combination nose and upper lip extension, has two opposing ‘fingers’ at its end. Both adult males and females have tusks.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) lists the African Bush Elephant Cape as Vulnerable to Extinction with populations in Southern Africa estimated to be increasing at 4% per year.
Kwandwe Private Game Reserve near Grahamstown, Eastern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa.
Kwandwe8010African bush elephantEastern CapeLoxodonta africanaSouth AfricaherdparadeDHR, from