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Nikolaus Joseph Freiherr von Jacquin or Baron Nikolaus von Jacquin. (February 16, 1727 – October 26, 1817) was a scientist who studied medicine, chemistry and botany.
He was born in Leiden in the Netherlands; he studied medicine at Leiden University, but later moved first to Paris and then Vienna. Between 1755 and 1759, Nikolaus von Jacquin was sent to the West Indies and Central America by Francis I to collect plants for the Schönbrunn Palace, and amassed a large collection of animal, plant and mineral samples.
For his work, he was knighted in 1774. In 1783, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1806 he was made baron. He is commemorated by the genera Jacquinia (Theophrastaceae) and Jacquiniella (Orchidaceae). In 2011, the Austrian Mint issued silver coins to mark his science expeditions to the Caribbean.
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