Shingon Monk in Okunoin Cemetery
Mount Kōya (高野山 Kōya-san) is the name of mountains in Wakayama Prefecture to the south of Osaka. First settled in 819 by the monk Kūkai, Mt. Kōya is primarily known as the world headquarters of the Kōyasan Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. Located in an 800 m high valley amid the eight peaks of the mountain (which was the reason this location was selected, in that the terrain is supposed to resemble a lotus plant), the original monastery has grown into the town of Kōya, featuring a university dedicated to religious studies and 120 temples, many of which offer lodging to pilgrims.
Okunoin (奥の院), the mausoleum of Kūkai, is surrounded by an immense graveyard (the largest in Japan).
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