Tiger A Gentle Animal
The tiger are the most variable in size of all big cats, even more so than the leopard and much more so than lions. The Bengal, Caspian and Siberian tiger subspecies represent the largest living felids, and rank among the biggest felids that ever existed. An adult male tiger from Northern India or Siberia outweighs an average male lion by around 45.5 kg (100 lb). Females vary in length from 200 to 275 cm (79 to 108 in), weigh 65 to 167 kg (140 to 370 lb) with a greatest length of skull ranging from 268 to 318 mm (10.6 to 12.5 in). Males vary in size from 250 to 330 cm (98 to 130 in), weigh 90 to 306 kg (200 to 670 lb) with a greatest length of skull ranging from 3to 383 mm (12.4 to 15.1 in). Body size of different populations seems to be correlated with climate�Bergmann's Rule�and can be explained from the point of view of thermoregulation. Large male Siberian tigers can reach a total length of more than 3.5 m (11.5 ft) "over curves", 3.3 m (10.8 ft) "between pegs" and a weight of 306 kg (670 lb). This is considerably larger than the size reached by the smallest living tiger subspecies, the Sumatran tiger, which reach a body weight of 75 to 140 kg (170 to 310 lb). Of the total length of a tiger, the tail comprises 0.6 to 1.1 m (2.0 to 3.6 ft). At the shoulder, tigers may variously stand 0.7 to 1.22 m (2.3 to 4.0 ft) tall. The accepted record weight, per the Guinness Book of World Records, for a wild tiger was 389 kg (860 lb) for a Bengal Tiger shot in 1967, though its weight may have been boasted by the fact that it had eaten a water buffalo the previous night.
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