The problem with tribal in western thinking is that tribal is associated with uncivilised, poor, primitive. Those connotations are sometimes as far from the truth as the east is from the West. For example Some tribes and kingdoms within the continent of Africa were so great Alexander the Great didnt want to have any conflict with them like Nubia. Others mystified colonialist with their art and architecture and dumbfounded the europeans with their advancements the Swahili kingdom. The Tauregs didnt want european firepower because their weapons were was to unpredictable.