Sculptured figures represent passengers in the lounge car at the Rail Heritage Museum. During the 400 years of the Ottoman rule Beersheba was the only city built in present day Israel. The railway line, opened in October 1915, was meant to meet the Ottoman Army's need for a supply line running from present day Syria to the fighting front in the Sinai Desert during World War I and from there on to Al Madina in Hejaz, present day Saudi Arabia. This Hejaz Railway project was designed by German railway construction engineer Heinrich August Meissner. The train station was active until 1927.